Білет № 11 Відповіді на білети. Англійська мова
Уявіть, що Ви їдете за запрошенням друга на свято до країни, мову якої вивчаєте. Розкажіть, що ви знаєте про традиції святкування в цій країні. I’m glad to tell you that my friend invited me to visit him. On the 30th of October I’ll arrive in London and we’ll have fun celebrating Hallowe’en.
Hallowe’en means ‘holy evening’, and takes place on 31st October. Although it is a much more important festival in the United States than Britain, it is celebrated by many people in the UK. It is particularly connected with witches and ghosts.
At parties people dress up in strange costumes and pretend they are witches. They cut horrible faces in potatoes and other vegetables and put a candle inside, which shines through the eyes. People may play difficult games such as trying to eat an apple from a bucket of water without using their hands.
But there are many other interesting and nice holidays in Great Britain.
For most British families, 24th of December is the most important festival of the year. It combines the Christian celebration of the birth of Christ with the traditional festivities of winter.
On the Sunday before Christmas many churches hold a carol service where special hymns are sung. Most families decorate their houses with brightly-colored paper or holly, and they usually have a Christmas tree in the corner of the front room, glittering with colored lights and decorations.
There are a lot of traditions connected with Christmas but perhaps the most important one is the giving of presents. Family members wrap up their gifts and leave them at the bottom of the Christmas tree to be found on Christmas morning. Children leave a long sock or stocking at the end of their beds on Christmas Eve, 24th December, hoping that Father Christmas will come down the chimney during the night and bring them small presents, fruit and nuts.
New Year’s Eve is a more important festival in Scotland than it is in England, and it even has a special name. It is not clear where the word ‘Hogmanay’ comes from, but it is connected with the provision of food and drink for all visitors to your home on 31st December. It was believed that the first person to visit one’s house on New Year’s Day could bring good or bad luck. The first footer was required to carry three articles: a piece of coal to wish warmth, a piece of bread to wish food, and a silver coin to wish wealth.
Although the Christian religion gave the world Easter as we know it today, the celebration owes its name and many of its customs and symbols to a pagan festival called Eostre. Christians related the rising of the sun to the resurrection of Jesus and their own spiritual rebirth.
Many modern Easter symbols come from pagan times. The egg, for instance, was a fertility symbol long before the Christian era. The ancient custom of dyeing eggs at Easter time is still very popular.
The Easter bunny also originated in pre-Christian fertility lore. Today, children enjoy eating candy bunnies and listening to stories about the Easter bunny, who supposedly brings Easter eggs in a fancy basket. The beautiful springtime festival of May Day is observed in every nation, each according to its own customs and traditions.
The birth of Christ – народження Христа a pagan festival – язичницькі свята hold a carol service – проводять a fertility – родючість різдвяне богослужіння dyeing – фарбування hymns – гімни lore – знання glittering – сяючі witches and ghosts – відьми та привиди provision – постачання was required to carry – мав принести pretend – вдають